Behind the Haze

Facts + sources

01

New vapes produce formaldehyde, the chemical they use to preserve dead bodies, acetone, nail polish remover and paint thinner, acetaldehyde, a chemical in glue, and other carcinogens in their vapor, which goes into your lungs.

source: Reilly, S. M., Bitzer, Z. T., Goel, R., Trushin, N., & Richie Jr, J. P. (2018). Free Radical, Carbonyl, and Nicotine Levels Produced by JUUL© Electronic Cigarettes. Nicotine & tobacco research: official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

02

Dangerous metal particles such as chromium are found in vape clouds and the toxic metal can build in your lungs over time.

source: Olmedo, P., Goessler, W., Tanda, S., Grau-Perez, M., Jarmul, S., Aherrera, A., … & Rule, A. M. (2018). Metal concentrations in e-cigarette liquid and aerosol samples: the contribution of metallic coils. Environmental Health Perspectives (Online), 126(2).

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 2012. Toxicological Profile for Chromium. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.

03

Newer vapes combine freebase nicotine with benzoic acid to create a stronger nicotine hit.

source: Bowen et al. (2015). United States Patent No. US 9,215,895 B2. Retrieved from: https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/e2/9a/99/5a55ed883b0523/US9215895.pdf

Pankow, J. F., Kim, K., McWhirter, K. J., Luo, W., Escobedo, J. O., Strongin, R. M., … & Peyton, D. H. (2017). Benzene formation in electronic cigarettes. PloS one, 12(3), e0173055.

Pankow, J. F., Kim, K., McWhirter, K. J., Luo, W., Escobedo, J. O., Strongin, R. M., … & Peyton, D. H. (2017). Benzene formation in electronic cigarettes. PloS one, 12(3), e0173055.

Reilly, S. M., Bitzer, Z. T., Goel, R., Trushin, N., & Richie Jr, J. P. (2018). Free Radical, Carbonyl, and Nicotine Levels Produced by JUUL© Electronic Cigarettes. Nicotine & tobacco research: official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

04

Juul’s own patent states: “[N]icotine salt formulations provide satisfaction … comparable to smoking a traditional cigarette.”

source: Bowen et al. (2015). United States Patent No. US 9,215,895 B2. Retrieved from: https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/e2/9a/99/5a55ed883b0523/US9215895.pdf

05

The nicotine you get in one vape pod can deliver as much nicotine as an entire pack of cigarettes.

source: Jarvis, M. J., Boreham, R., Primatesta, P., Feyerabend, C., & Bryant, A. (2001). Nicotine yield from machine-smoked cigarettes and nicotine intakes in smokers: evidence from a representative population survey. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 93(2), 134-138.

Federal Trade Commission. (2000). Tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide of the smoke of 1294 varieties of domestic cigarettes for the year 1998. Washington DC: Federal Trade Commission.

06

Vapes can contain up to 31 different chemicals like formaldehyde.

source: Sleiman, M., Logue, J. M., Montesinos, V. N., Russell, M. L., Litter, M. I., Gundel, L. A., & Destaillats, H. (2016). Emissions from electronic cigarettes: key parameters affecting the release of harmful chemicals. Environmental science & technology, 50(17), 9644-9651.

07

One 5% vape pod contains 40mg of nicotine.

source: JUULpod Basics. (2019). Retrieved November 22, 2019, from https://support.juul.com/hc/en-us/articles/360026223453-How-much-nicotine-is-in-a-JUULpod-

08

Heavy nicotine use can prime adolescent brains for future substance use.

source: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine 2012 Dec; 2(12): a012120. Short- and Long-Term Consequences of Nicotine Exposure during Adolescence for Prefrontal Cortex Neuronal Network Function. Natalia A. Goriounova and Huibert D. Mansvelder. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3543069/

09

Pulegone, a chemical that is carcinogenic and causes liver toxicity, is found in mint and menthol-flavored e-cigarettes at levels well above what is considered safe.

source: Jabba, S. V., & Jordt, S. E. (2019). Risk Analysis for the Carcinogen Pulegone in Mint-and Menthol-Flavored e-Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products. JAMA internal medicine. Pulegone. (2014). Retrieved from https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+8146

10

JUUL created marketing campaigns and programs specifically for teens, including going into classrooms and stating their products are safe when they really aren’t.

source: Kaplan, S. (2019, July 25). JUUL© Targeted Schools and Youth Camps, House Panel on Vaping Claims. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/25/health/juul-teens-vaping.html

11

JUUL gave out free vapes at movie nights.

source: Chaykowski, K. (2018, November 16). The Disturbing Focus Of Juul’s Early Marketing Campaigns. Forbes. https://www.forbes.com/sites/kathleenchaykowski/2018/11/16/the-disturbing-focus-of-juuls-early-marketing-campaigns/#45436c0c14f9

12

Inhaling aerosols from vapes can cause arteries to narrow, increasing the risk of a heart attack.

source: 1. Fetterman, J. L., Weisbrod, R. M., Feng, B., Bastin, R., Tuttle, S. T., Holbrook, M., … & Hamburg, N. M. (2018). Flavorings in tobacco products induce endothelial cell dysfunction. Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, 38(7), 1607-1615.

Alzahrani, T., Pena, I., Temesgen, N., & Glantz, S. A. (2018). Association between electronic cigarette use and myocardial infarction. American journal of preventive medicine, 55(4), 455-461.

Vindhyal, M. R., Ndunda, P., Munguti, C., Vindhyal, S., & Okut, H. (2019). Impact on cardiovascular outcomes among e-cigarette users: a review from National Health Interview Surveys. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 73(9 Supplement 2), 11.

Carnevale, R., Sciarretta, S., Violi, F., Nocella, C., Loffredo, L., Perri, L., … Frati, G. (2016). Acute Impact of Tobacco vs Electronic Cigarette Smoking on Oxidative Stress and Vascular Function. Chest, 150(3), 606–612.

Caporale, A., Langham, M. C., Guo, W., Johncola, A., Chatterjee, S., & Wehrli, F. W. (2019). Acute Effects of Electronic Cigarette Aerosol Inhalation on Vascular Function Detected at Quantitative MRI. Radiology, (1), 97.